cgroups – use to control your cpu and memory

cgroups is a kernel feature and with userspace utilities, we can use the feature to control the cpu and memory for per process. So, lets first install the required tools.

sudo yum install libcgroup-tools

Now, we need to enable the service.

sudo systemctl enable cgconfig.service
sudo systemctl enable cgred.service

cgconfig.service is to enable configuration for cgroups and
cgred.service is to enable configuration for cgroups for processes depending on the name.

Now, we will need to configure the cgroups and configure the groups for the processes. So, lets open up the configuration files and do some configuration:

Here we will use firefox as the group name and use firefox as an example to restrict the memory to 700Mb and cpu to 10%. Since we do not have any other group configured right now, so max being 1024 – 100 shares would be around 10%.

First, open up the /etc/cgconfig.conf file and add the following. You would need to replace below with your username.

group firefox {
perm {
task {
uid = ;
gid = ;
}
admin {
uid = ;
gid = ;
}
}

cpu{
cpu.shares=”102″;
}
cpuset{
cpuset.cpus=0;
cpuset.mems=0;
}
memory {
memory.limit_in_bytes=”700M”;
memory.max_usage_in_bytes=”0″;
}
}

Now, we edit the /etc/cgrules.conf file and add the following:

:sandbox cpu,memory firefox
::firefox cpu,memory firefox

All done. Now, time to test.

First restart the services.

sudo systemctl restart cgconfig.service
sudo systemctl restart cgred.service

Check, if the cgroup is created. Go to directory:

/sys/fs/cgroup/memory or /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu

and check directory firefox exists.

Note: You can check the cgroup mount directory with mount command to see where your cgroups are mounted.

Now, start firefox, check the pid and check the file /proc//cgroup and you should see something like this:

11:hugetlb:/
10:perf_event:/
9:blkio:/
8:net_cls:/
7:freezer:/
6:devices:/
5:memory:/firefox
4:cpuacct,cpu:/firefox
3:cpuset:/
2:name=systemd:/user.slice/user-1000.slice/session-1.scope

and this is it.

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